Laparoscopic procedures (keyhole) are a minimally invasive surgical technique to treat conditions affecting kidneys, ureter, bladder. Advances in the field of medicine and technology has enabled urologists to perform laparoscopic surgeries to treat a wide range of urological conditions with better outcomes and minimal adverse post operative complications over open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery is widely performed for kidney disease but can be applied in other urological surgeries.
Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy: - involves the removal of one kidney together with the neighbouring adrenal gland and lymph nodes generally indicated for kidney cancer. Simple Nephrectomy is the removal of the kidney for treatment non cancerous kidney conditions. Laparoscopic Nephrectomy reduces the risk of bleeding, infection, incisional hernias and has a shorter hospital stay.
Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy:- surgery to remove a section of the kidney for possible cancerous lesion.
Laparoscopic Nephroureterectomy:- is the removal of the kidney and the ureter,(the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder) to treat patients who have transitional cell carcinoma of the ureter or kidney.
Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty:- surgery to relieve the obstruction between the ureter and the kidney at the uretero-pelvic junction (PUJ).
Advantages of laparoscopic surgery are reduced risk of bleeding, lower infection rate, shorter hospital stay and a quicker recovery time post operatively.